Diseases

Patients should be aware of tests needed for the following diseases.

1.Jaundice


Total bilirubin Direct bilirubin Indirect bilirubin Urine analysis for bile salts and pigments Liver Function Tests

2.Diabetes


Tests Fasting blood sugar Post prandial sugar Oral glucose tolerance test A1c test Kidney tests Liver tests Urine test Microalbumin Kidney function test Lipid Insulin production test Hepatitis HIV

3.Hypertension


Blood pressure measurement Complete Blood Count (CBC) Urea Creatinine Sodium Potassium Random blood sugar Uric acid Thyroid Profile Lipid Profile Aldosterone and Renin Cortisol Catecholamines and Metanephrines Urinalysis 1.ECG 2.Eye Examination 3.Physical Examination 4.Chest X-ray

4.Tuberculosis


Sputum for AFB, X-Ray Chest, TB Culture, HIV, TB AB, MTB PCR, Mantoux

5.Suspected Heart Attack


CPK, CPK-MB ECG SGOT, Troponin - T (Trop - T) Note: Rush to hospital with ice in case of emergency. Do not waste time in doing the tests.

6.Swelling Legs (Edema)


Urea Creatinine Liver Function Tests Haemogram Urine Routine Thyroid

7.Suspected Cancer Note: Tests to be done after consulting the Physician


Breast - CA15 - 3 Ovary - CA125 Colon & Rectum - CA 19 - 9, CEA Prostrate - PSA, Free PSA Multiple Myeloma - Beta-2 Microglobulin, Protein-Electrophoresis, IFE, Urine Bence-Jones Proteins Hepatic - AFP Pancreatic - CA 19-9 Chronic Carsinoma - Beta-HCG, Gem cell tumour

8.Dengue


Platelet Count, Dengue IgG & IgM

9.Growth Disease


Growth Hormone, IGF - 1, X-Ray for bone age

10.Liver Function


Bilirubin (T & D), SGOT, SGPT, SAP, Total Protein, Albumin, Gamma GT

11.Kidney Function


Haemogram, Urea, Creatinine, Electrolytes, Urine Routine, Calcium, Phosphorus

12.Breathing Disease


PFT, ECG, X-Ray Chest

13.Bleeding Disease


PT, aPTT, BT, CT, Platelet Count

14.Repeated Abortion


Torch IgG & IgM Panel, Cardiolipin Abs

15.High Blood Pressure


Urea, Creatinine, Electrolytes, Lipid Profile, 24 hrs Urine VMA (Selected cases)

16.Anemia


Haemoglobin, Total WBC Count, Differential WBC Count, ESR, Stool Analysis, Peripheral Smear Study, Iron & TIBC, Ferritin, Vitamin B12, Folic Acid

17.Fever - Acute


QBC Malaria, Total WBC Count, Differential WBC Count, ESR, X-Ray Chest, Widal, Urine C/S, Dengue AB, Leptospira IgM, MX

18.Fever - Chronic


QBC Malaria, Total WBC Count, Differential WBC Count, ESR, X-Ray Chest, Widal, Urine C/S, Dengue AB, Leptospira IgM, Blood C/S, Brucella AB, Anit-TB IgA, Anti-TB IgM, ANA, MX, Urine Routine, CRP, RA, USG