Anemia is defined as decreased haemoglobin concentration in body, due to which the oxygen carrying capacity by the red blood cells to the different organ cells is decreased.
It is an iron protein which transports oxygen from lungs to other tissues of the body.
Male :13.5-17 gms/dl Female :12-15.3 gms/dl Children3month :9.5-13.5gms/dl 3monthsto1yr :10.5-13.5gms/dl 1yrto6yr :12-14gms/dl 6yrto12yr :11.5-14.5gm/dl Cord blood :13.5-19.5gm/dl
a. Tiredness b.Weakness c.Guidiness d.Breathing difficulty e.Palpitations (feeling their own heart beat) Pale look
a.Loss of appetite b.Yellow coloured urine c.Clay coloured stool
It is an acute but benign form of viral hepatitis caused by RNA virus that does not persist in the blood serum and is usually transmitted by taking food or drink that is contaminated with fecal matter.
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic illness.
Anemia from active bleeding: Loss of blood through heavy menstrual bleeding can cause anemia. Gastrointestinal ulcers or cancers such as cancer of the colon may slowly ooze blood and can also cause anemia. If iron intake is limited or inadequate due to poor dietary intake, anemia may occur as a result. a.This is called iron deficiency anemia. b.Anemia related to kidney disease c.Anemia related to pregnancy d.Anemia related to poor nutrition e.Alcoholism
It is a serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhi ingested with food or water. All travelers are recommended to take Typhoid vaccination.
Poliomyelitis (polio) is a viral paralytic disease. The causative agent, a virus called poliovirus, enters the body orally, infecting the intestinal lining. It may proceed to the blood stream and into the central nervous system causing paralysis and muscle weakness.
In medicine, diarrhea, also spelt diarrhoea (see spelling differences), causes frequent loose or liquid faeces. The main cause is infection due to unclean food and water. In case of diarrhea, good amount of fluid intake is required. However, if diarrhea gets severe you should immediately call a doctor.
Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites.
Cancer is a disease in which cells become abnormal and form more cells in an uncontrolled way. With breast cancer, the cancer begins in cells that make up the breasts — usually in the tubes that carry milk to the nipple or the glands that make milk. The cancerous cells form a mass of tissue called a tumor. Sometimes, the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.
Kidney failure occurs when both kidneys are so damaged that they no longer can remove waste products from the blood. When only one kidney is lost, the other one is usually strong enough to do the job. There are 2 types of kidney failure: acute and chronic. 1 Acute Kidney 2. Chronic Kidney
Harmful waste products and excess fluid accumulate in the body.
It is defined as increase in the normal blood pressure of an individual. Systolic blood pressure =140mmhg and diastolic blood pressure = 90 mmhg
For 85%-95% of people with high blood pressure, the cause of their high blood pressure is not known. In rare cases, high blood pressure can be caused by kidney problems, alcohol use, or birth control pills.
People with high blood pressure usually experience no symptoms unless their blood pressure is extremely high, or if they have had high blood pressure for a long time. In these cases, damage may occur in major organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys, as well as the small blood vessels in the eyes. It’s important to remember that if left untreated, high blood pressure may lead to serious complications.
Some people with hepatitis have no signs of the disease. For other people, the most common and early signs of hepatitis are: 1. Mild fever. 2.Headache. 3. Muscle aches. 4. Tiredness. 5. Loss of appetite. 6.Nausea. 7.Vomiting. 8.Diarrhea. Later signs of hepatitis, when a person has been infected for some time, are: 1 . Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements. 2. Pain in the stomach. 3.Skin and whites of the eyes turning yellow (jaundice).
Hepatitis B vaccine is important for everyone, but especially for infants and children. Even though they may not be exposed to it as a baby, vaccine can offer decades of protection.
The most common allergens include dust mites, molds, pollens, animal dander, cockroaches, peanuts, milk, eggs, latex, and penicillin. The dust mite is the most common cause of allergies.
An allergist or immunologist can diagnose your allergies using allergy skin tests, which show if your immune system reacts to specific allergens. You can also test your reactivity to common allergens using a home allergy test.
There is a genetic factor in the development of allergic disease. If one parent has allergic disease, the estimated risk of a child to develop allergies is 48%; the child’s estimated risk grows to 70% if both parents have a history of allergies.
Though infections are the overwhelmingly leading cause of fever – some other diseases or other problems may also cause fever. These may lie beyond the common understanding of lay people and are best addressed by your doctor.
A man's sperm can be changed by his overall health and lifestyle. Some factors that may reduce the health or number of sperm include: 1. Heavy alcohol use 2.Drugs 3.Smoking cigarettes 4.Age 5Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead 6.Health problems such as mumps, serious conditions like kidney disease, or hormone problems 7 Medicines 8.Radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer
If your mother, grandmother or sister had experienced difficulty in becoming pregnant; this does not necessarily mean you will face the same problem! Most infertility problems are not hereditary.
In the absence of any intervention, between 15 and 30 percent of infants of HIV infected mothers are infected before or during delivery. If all HIV-infected mothers breastfeed, another 10 to 20 percent of their infants will be infected through breastfeeding. This means that about two-thirds of children of HIV-infected women will not become infected.
Many women are waiting until their 30s and 40s to have children. In fact, about 20 percent of women in the United States now have their first child after age 35. So age is a growing cause of fertility problems. About one-third of couples wherein the woman is over 35 have fertility problems. Aging decreases a woman's chances of having a baby in the following ways:
After the window period is over, the virus start destroying the body's immune system. At this stage, the presence of HIV in the body presents with some symptoms in the form of many opportunistic infections like flu, fever, diarrhoea or tuberculosis. Most of them get cured after treatment. But the disease goes on progressing in the body rapidly depending on personal hygiene, habits and nutritional status.